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Eine jederzeit aktuelle Liste der Publikationen von Anja Jetschke finden Sie hier oder indem Sie den QR Code einscannen.
Aduda, Levke (2021) The Sequence of Mediation Efforts in the Conflict between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army. International Negotiation 26(2): 245-268. Download.
What impact have different mediation outcomes had on subsequent mediation onset and success in the conflict between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)? Intrastate conflicts commonly see more than one mediation effort. These efforts can result in different outcomes. Assessing the impact of different mediation outcomes on subsequent mediation efforts in the conflict between the governments of Uganda and the LRA, it becomes apparent that reneged agreements have aggravated subsequent mediation efforts, while mediation ending without an agreement and previous mediation success do not reduce the chances of subsequent mediation onset (and success). This suggests that short-lived agreements are not only likely to lead to renewed conflict, but also make further mediation efforts more difficult.
Jetschke, Anja; Sören Münch (2020) The Existence of Courts and Parliaments in Regional Organizations: A Case of Democratic Control? In: Politische Vierteljahresschrift, Online First. Download.
Why do states design regional organizations with courts and parliaments? Is it indeed the case that states establish them because they expect these organsto exert some kind of democratic control over executives? Undoubtedly, this is an important question given that politicians and political scientists alike regularly lament the lack of democratic control of many international organizations.We tackle this question empirically. Based on an original data set of 72 regional organizations and by using simple logistic and ordinal logistic regression analyses, this article tests for the association between domestic regime type and the existence of regional courts and parliaments. These organs were selected because they are associated with dimensions of democracy, namely constitutionality and inclusiveness. The most consistent correlates of the existence of each of these institutional bodies and the aggregate of them are functional ones: policy scope, trade-related variables, and conflict-related variables. There is no significant association between any measure of democracy and the existence of these institutions. These results are discussed the context of debates about the democratic deficit of international and regional organizations and the question of whether democratic standards are applicable to regional organizations.
Jetschke, Anja, Sören Münch, Adriana Rocio Cardozo-Silva, Patrick Theiner (2020) Patterns of (Dis)similarity in the Design of Regional Organizations: The Regional Organizations Similarity Index (ROSI). In: International Studies Perspectives, online first.
How similar are the institutional designs of regional organizations (ROs)? Is there a trend toward particular designs such as the European Union’s, or is there greater institutional variety as more regions have created an increasing number of ROs? Which designs have spread through the system, and which remain idiosyncratic? To answer these questions, the Comparative Regional Organizations Project has assembled the most detailed dataset on ROs to date, with more than 80 organizations and their 276 founding and amending treaties being coded on more than 300 institutional design features. From these data, the project has generated the Regional Organizations Similarity Index (ROSI), a dyadic measure of the similarity between any two ROs at various points during their existence. We outline the rationale for ROSI and detail its construction, and show that it captures previously unstudied patterns of variation in the RO universe
across time and space. In addition to generalizations about the case universe, ROSI allows us to estimate which institutional designs constitute deviations and which tend to follow established models. We demonstrate the validity of ROSI with the help of brief case studies exploring which institutional design features led to the identified scores.
Aduda, Levke; Bussmann, Margit (2019) Mediation and the Dynamics of Civilian Victimisation in Intrastate Conflicts in Africa, Civil Wars, Online First. https://doi.org/10.1080/13698249.2020.1703078.
Reports about mass atrocities are often accompanied by demands for action against the perpetrators. Mediation allows third parties to demonstrate their active involvement against civilian victimisation. However, whether mediators are successful in contributing to lower levels of one-sided violence is far from clear. Conflict actors might continue or even intensify violence to enhance their bargaining position during peace talks. Based on our tests with monthly data for intrastate conflicts in Africa we find no support for the expectation that one-sided violence declines in the aftermath of mediation onset. Instead, we observe rather an increase in civilian victimisation.
Jetschke, Anja; Theiner, Patrick (2019) Time to move on! Why the discussion about ASEAN’s relevance is outdated. In: The Pacific Review, published online 07 October 2019. Download.
The question of the significance of ASEAN is an important one. Stubbs‘ observation that different standards have been used to assess the organization is right to the point. This article critically discusses the merits of Stubbs approach and his findings. Our response argues that the binary discussion about ASEAN’s relevance should be replaced by more productive and progressive lines of scientific inquiry, since these questions hardly ever produce the knock-out evidence needed to discard one theory. The more interesting research takes place within paradigms. In the case of institutionalism, this is for example the research program of the design of international institutions. It is here that better data has recently become available, and that some questions that have triggered lively debates on ASEAN can now be answered. We then present select results of a large-N project comparing regional organizations with a view of what we have learned about ASEAN.
Jetschke, Anja (2019). Does forced migration increase regional human rights commitment? The cases of Malaysia and Thailand in ASEAN. In: Asia Pacific Business Review, Published online.
Why do non-democratic governments commit to human rights on a regional level? We argue that the negative externalities of political repression, operationalized as large amounts of transnational refugee flows, affect states’ willingness to commit to human rights. Neighbouring governments commit to human rights to send a signal to their repressive neighbours that repression will no longer be tolerated. We use official UNCHR data, a number of other secondary sources, as well as congruence analysis and process tracing to demonstrate the relevance of the theory for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and Malaysia and Thailand in particular.
Aduda, Levke (2019). Failed agreements and their impact on subsequent mediation onset and success in
intrastate conflicts, in: International Interactions, Published online.
What impact do failed mediated agreements have on subsequent mediation onset and success? The question of mediation onset and success is undoubtedly important, given that mediation is one of the international community’s preferred conflict management tools, but its voluntary nature leaves room for the conflict parties to (dis)agree to talks and possible settlements. Existing research suggests that previous mediation outcomes can affect subsequent mediation efforts positively or negatively – depending on the outcome in focus. This article argues that failed agreements – an outcome of mediation that has not been accounted for in existing literature – underscore the persistence of the commitment problem, and therefore the hazards of sharing private information. Consequently, the conflict parties question the utility of mediation, and the likelihood of subsequent mediation onset decreases. If subsequent talks take place despite the failed agreement, the conflict parties refrain from sharing private information, and reaching an agreement becomes thus less likely. Drawing on the Uppsala Conflict Data Program’s (UCDP) Managing Intrastate Conflict in Africa data set and the UCDP Peace Agreement data set, the results strongly underline the negative impact failed agreements have on subsequent mediation onset, and thereby show that agreement longevity is crucial not only for peace duration but also for leaving the door open to subsequent talks.
Jetschke, Anja; Schlipphak, Bernd (2019). Milinda: A New Dataset on United Nations-Led and Non-United Nations-Led Peace Operations. Conflict Management and Peace Science. Published online.
Is there a trend toward the regionalization of peacekeeping? Does regionalization undermine the United Nations (UN) system of collective security? To answer these questions, we present an innovative dataset of peace operations. Covering the 1947–2016 period, the dataset captures every UN and non-UN peace operation, information on mission type, the existence of target state consent and UN authorization. The unit of analysis is the mission. The first analysis of the dataset yields three findings: (1) There is a significant regionalization of peace operations; (2) regions show distinct intervention patterns; and (3) regionalization does not directly challenge the UN authority.
Jetschke, Anja; Abb, Pascal (2019). The Devil is in the Detail: The Positions of the BRICS Countries towards UN Security Council Reform and the Responsibility to Protect. In Contested World Orders. Rising Powers, Non-Governmental Organizations, and the Politics of Authority Beyond the Nation-State. Edited by Matthew D. Stephen and Michael Zürn. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Zur Buchbestellung.
In a series of rigorous and empirically revealing chapters, the authors of Contested World Orders examine systematically the demands of key actors in the contestation of international institutions. Ranging in scope from the World Trade Organization and the Nuclear Non-proliferation Regime to the Kimberley Process on conflict diamonds and the climate finance provisions of the UNFCCC, the chapters deploy a variety of methods to reveal just to what extent, and along which lines of conflict, rising powers and NGOs contest international institutions. Contested World Orders seeks answers to the key questions of our time: Exactly how deeply are international institutions contested? Which actors seek the most fundamental changes? Which aspects of international institutions have generated the most transnational conflicts? And what does this mean for the future of world order?
Julia Hagen (2019): A Commitment is a Commitment is a Commitment? Why States Constrain and Customize their Commitments to the International Criminal Court. URL: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11130/00-1735-0000-0003-C116-A.
Jetschke, Anja (2017). Internationale Beziehungen. Eine Einführung. Tübingen: Narr Francke Attempto Verlag.
Der Band richtet sich an Bachelor-Studierende der Politikwissenschaft, die das erste Mal eine Veranstaltung zu den internationalen Beziehungen belegen.
Im ersten Teil wird die Geschichte der Internationalen Beziehungen und deren zentrale globalen Entwicklungen vom Wiener Kongress bis heute beschrieben. Dieser Überblick bietet ihnen einen Schnellzugriff auch auf aktuelle Probleme der internationalen Beziehungen. Stichpunkte sind hier: die großen territorialstaatlichen Veränderungen seit 1815, die globale Ausgestaltung von Friedensordnungen, Kolonialisierung und Dekolonisierung und die Bildung internationaler Institutionen. Der zweite Teil befasst sich mit den wichtigsten Theorien der Internationalen Beziehungen und fasst ihre Grundannahmen und Erklärungsansprüche zusammen. Im dritten Teil schließlich werden die wichtigsten Forschungsfelder der Internationalen Beziehungen vorgestellt und zentrale Probleme aus Sicht der Theorien der Internationalen Beziehungen erläutert.
Marggraf, Claudia (2018). When Knowledge Travels. Expert Networks in African Security Policy: Case Studies of AU and ECOWAS. Göttingen. URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-1735-0000-002E-E57F-0
Jetschke, Anja (2018). Francis Fukuyama, Das Ende der Geschichte (1992), in: Manfred Brocker (Hrsg.), Geschichte des Politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt am Main, Suhrkamp Verlag.
Francis Fukuyamas Das Ende der Geschichte gilt als eines der erfolgreichsten sozialwissenschaftlichen Werke der neueren Zeit und hat seinem Autor über Nacht zu internationalem Ruhm verholfen. Das Buch ist eine Geschichtsdeutung, die versucht, dem Ende der Bipolarität im internationalen System einen historischen Sinn zu geben. Die Phrase vom „Ende der Geschichte“ wird seither praktisch synonym zum Ende des Kalten Krieges verwendet. In Das Ende der Geschichte interpretiert Fukuyama den Zusammenbruch der Sowjetunion und das Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts als Endpunkt einer universellen Geschichtsschreibung. Dieser Endpunkt ist durch den Sieg eines liberal-marktwirtschaftlichen und demokratischen Systems westlicher Prägung über alternative Ordnungsmodelle gekennzeichnet. Mit dem Sieg dieses Modells endet der Kampf um Anerkennung und wird nach Ansicht Fukuyamas folgerichtig das Antriebsmoment der Geschichte gestoppt. Allerdings ist der Sieg dieses Modells ein Pyrrhussieg, denn das Individuum braucht den Kampf.
Der Beitrag stellt die Argumentsstruktur des Buches dar, beschreibt dessen politischen Einfluss und diskutiert, inwiefern es durch Fukuyamas neuere Werke modifiziert wurde.
Jetschke, Anja (2018). Wem gehört die Welt? – Internationale und regionale Organisationen in einer dezentrierten Welt, in: Wolf, Philip (Hrsg.). Die neue Weltordnung. Krise, Chancen und die Rolle Europas, Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag, S. 113-134.
Regionalorganisationen gewinnen für nationalstaatliche Politik stark an Bedeutung, in Europa, wie auch in anderen Regionen. Alle verfügbaren Daten, die wir haben, deuten außerdem darauf hin, dass sich Interaktionen regional konzentrieren und Regionen zunehmend die entscheidenden Bezugsgrößen der internationalen Beziehungen werden. Der Beitrag beschreibt diesen zentralen Trend im historischen und regionalen Vergleich.
Theiner, Patrick (2017). „Donor Choice in Multilateral Health Aid“ Journal of International Organizations Studies 8(1): 25-40. Download.
Donors of development aid for health face increasingly complex decisions when distributing their budgets. A significant portion of aid is still given bilaterally, but donors also have the choice of an expanding number of multilateral institutions. How do donors decide how large a share of their multilateral budget each available institution receives? I argue that donor states prefer to delegate and contribute to institutions with aid distribution preferences similar to their own. This similarity consists of two components: First, donors evaluate preference similarity by looking at their general political alignment with other member states of the institution. Second, donors weigh the overlap between their bilateral aid portfolios and the institution’s multilateral aid portfolio. Donors should dedicate larger shares of their overall multilateral budgets to institutions with similarly aligned members and portfolios. Using global public health institutions as a case study, the paper presents a set of empirical tests of these hypotheses based on time-series cross-sectional data on multilateral health aid given in the first decade of the 2000s. The analysis shows that greater alignment with member states does indeed lead to significantly increased contributions from donors but that the similarity of aid portfolios has no such effect. In delegating multilaterally, donors care more about who they share an institution with rather than how that institution spends its money.
Jetschke, Anja (2017) Internationale Beziehungen. Eine Einführung. Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag. ISBN: 9783823367444
Der Band richtet sich an Bachelor-Studierende der Politikwissenschaft, die das erste Mal eine Veranstaltung zu den internationalen Beziehungen belegen. Studierenden höherer Semester dient die Einführung als kompetentes und sachkundiges Nachschlagewerk, das Fakten und globale Trends in den Internationalen Beziehungen vermittelt, zentrale Konzepte und Theorien vorstellt und systematisch mit den wichtigsten Phänomenen der Internationalen Beziehungen verbindet.
Aduda, Levke; Ewert, Stefan (2017) Nord Stream, Mediation, and the Baltics, in: Baltic Worlds, Vol. 4, 102-111. Open access: http://balticworlds.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Bw-4-2017-uppslag.pdf
Jetschke, Anja (2017) ASEAN: les réfugiés birmans et les droits de l’homme. in: politique étrangère, No. 2, 1-11.
In 2007, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) surprised international observers by issuing an ASEAN Charter also entailing a human rights commitment. Over most of its existence, ASEAN members had not mentioned the promotion of human rights or democracy as aims and they had even established an image of promoting a set of alternative “Asian values” centering on Westphalian norms of non-interference and sovereignty. Many observers of ASEAN suspected its human rights commitment was a strategic measure to silence international criticism of Myanmar. Ten years after the issuing of the ASEAN Charter and 50 years after the coming into existence of ASEAN, this article describes the nature of ASEAN’s human rights commitment and explains the internal developments that motivated ASEAN to take that step. The article argues that this development is mainly driven by the externalities of repression in Myanmar, which has resulted in transnational refugee flows. The article complements theories of human rights commitment by an interdependence-driven explanation of commitment. The general lessons from ASEAN are that even autocratic states implement human rights when the negative externalities from their neighbor’s human rights practices are getting to large.
Jetschke, Anja (2017) What Drives Institutional Reforms in Regional Organisations? Diffusion, Contextual Conditions, and the Modular Design of ASEAN. In: TRaNS: Trans-Regional and -National Studies of Southeast Asia, Online First, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/trn.2016.30
What drives institutional reforms in regional organisations? And what explains the institutional design of ASEAN? Building on a more recent strand in the diffusion literature emphasising that diffusion rarely leads to convergence, the article makes two genuine contributions. First, it argues that members of regional organisations engage in modular adoption: they select institutional templates from a variety of regional as well as international organisations thereby taking advantage of available information on the costs and benefits of alternative institutions. Second, it argues that contextual conditions and cognitive priors influence what templates are chosen. The argument will be illustrated with a case study on ASEAN’s adoption of a single market and a dispute settlement mechanism.
Jetschke, Anja (2017) Review of: Democratic Participation in Armed Conflict: Military Involvement in Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq, von Patrick Mello. In: Perspectives on Politics 15(1): 93-95.
Jetschke, Anja (2016) Review von: Southeast Asia and the European Union: Non-Traditional Security Crises and Cooperation, In: Pacific Affairs, Vol 89, No. 2, June, 474f. Download.
Aduda, Levke; Bussmann, Margit (2016) Einseitige Gewalt in Bürgerkriegen und deren Auswirkungen auf Mediationsangebot und -nachfragen. In: Zeitschrift für Friedens- und Konfliktforschung, Jg. 5, Nr. 2, S. 154-188.
Egle, Julia (2016) Verrechtlichung der Internationalen Beziehungen – Staaten als Autoren, Adressaten und Wächter des Völkerrechts“, Freiburg: Arnold-Bergstraesser-Instituts.
Jetschke, Anja (2016) Regionalisierung im politikwissenschaftlichen Vergleich, In: Lauth, Hans-Joachim; Kneuer, Marianne; Pickel, Gert (Hrsg.): Handbuch Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft, Wiesbaden: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-658-02993-7_67-1. Download.
Jetschke, Anja; Katada, Saori N (2016) Asia. In: Börzel, Tanja A.; Risse, Thomas (Hrsg.): The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 225-248.
Anja Jetschke, Amitav Acharya, Philippe De Lombaerde, Hiro Katsumata, T.J. Pempel (2015) Studying Asian and comparative regionalism through Amitav Acharya’s work, International Relations of the Asia Pacific, 15(3), 537-566, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/irap/lcv005
The field of regionalism has been flourishing for some time. Amitav Acharya has been a persistent and powerful voice in the field, and he has contributed to and actively shaped paradigmatic debates within it. His theoretically sophisticated and contextually grounded approach to Southeast Asia’s regional order and beyond has inspired countless scholars and better informed generations of students. A group of scholars, therefore, decided to discuss Acharya’s contribution to the field of Asian and comparative regionalism more systematically with a view of the balance between disciplinary and area studies, ideas and institutions and non-Western international relations theorizing.
Jetschke, A. (2015) ‚Why Create a Regional Human Rights Regime? The ASEAN Inter-Governmental Commission for Human Rights‘, in: T. Börzel and V. van Huellen (eds) Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations. New York: Palgrave McMillan, pp. 107-24.
Jetschke, Anja and Tobias Lenz (2013) ‚Does regionalism diffuse? A new research agenda for the study of regional organizations‘, Journal of European Public Policy 20(4): 626-637. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2012.762186
In the post-World War Two era, regional organizations have proliferated. The accompanying literature focuses on analysing the drivers and effects of regionalism, but has, to date, largely neglected a series of puzzling macro-phenomena: the marked spatial and temporal clustering of regional organizations, as well as similarities in their institutional design. This contribution argues that the existing approaches analyse regional organizations primarily as independent phenomena, whose genesis and design are seen as being determined either by dynamics internal to the region itself or by external forces such as powerful hegemons and globalizing pressures. Against this background, this research note argues for the broadening of existing analytical perspectives and sketches a diffusion-oriented research agenda that instead conceives of regional organizations as being interdependent.
Jetschke, A. and Murray, P. (2012) : ‚Diffusing regional integration: The EU and Southeast Asia‘, West European Politics 35(1): 174-91. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01402382.2012.631320
Given its distinctive structure and norms, is ASEAN’s recent institutionalisation an instance of diffusion from the EU to ASEAN? Or do we observe adaptation to changes in the external and domestic environments of ASEAN states that are unrelated to, or independent of, the EU? Or is there some combination of both at work here – diffusion and adaptation to changes that do not relate to the EU? This article argues that ASEAN members have started to adopt EU-style institutions, in particular, the EU’s Committee of Permanent Representatives and economic integration processes. This adoption process can be conceived as both lesson-drawing and normative emulation from the EU. This has not led to a comprehensive and systematic copying of EU institutions by ASEAN. Rather, member states have acted selectively in line with their ‘cognitive priors‘ about state sovereignty. We observe institutional change only, but not a change in behavioural practices.
Jetschke, A. (2010) Human Rights and State Security: Indonesia and the Philippines, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Rezensionen: Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, ASIEN-German Journal on Contemporary Asia, CHOICE
Why do some governments successfully manage to evade pressures for human rights change? Based on a systematic comparison of two countries over the period from 1970 to 2011 and a theoretical model of normative contestation, Jetschke finds that state security puts into play a set of powerful international norms related to sovereignty—a state’s right to territorial integrity, the secular organization of the state, or a government’s lack of control over the means of organized violence. Such counter-claims are effective because they draw on internationally equally legitimate and accepted standards connected to modern statehood (secularism and territorial integrity) thereby providing a powerful contending set of norms to international human rights. If governments frame persuasive arguments around these norms, they frequently can effectively mobilize competing domestic and international groups and trump human rights advocacy. The practical implication for the global advancement of human rights is that it requires dense networks of domestic human rights NGOs that build coalitions between nationalist and other or secular and religious groups to overcome the deadlock. While drawing on the experience of two countries, the findings are widely applicable, as can be seen in many countries of the Middle East but also Russia.